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What are the copyright implications of NFTs? – Reuters

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Representations of cryptocurrencies Bitcoin, Ethereum, DogeCoin, Ripple, Litecoin are placed on PC motherboard in this illustration taken, June 29, 2021. REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/Illustration/File Photo
October 29, 2021 – Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs) have been around since 2014, but only more recently gained popularity in the fields of digital and digitally held assets. Despite the almost decade-long history of this technological development, many individuals still wonder what actually is a Non-Fungible Token? By its name, one can infer it must be the opposite of a Fungible Token, but for those who are not up to speed on tech terminology or familiar with non-traditional asset categories, the mystery remains.
Fungible Tokens are cryptocurrencies, like Bitcoin, that have equivalent fractional values to one another the same way four quarters make up $1 and ten $1 bills are equivalent to a $10 bill, therefore making the currency "fungible" or interchangeable. Non-Fungible Tokens, on the other hand, are not made to have equivalent fractional values and instead represent unique and individualized values, unlike currency. It is this uniqueness that has driven the public's perception of digital scarcity in the realm of NFTs, something that most everyone can understand at its most basic level: supply and demand.
Both Fungible and Non-Fungible Tokens are built and reside on blockchain technology. The purported downside to this is that, particularly when dealing with larger files like a piece of artwork, the blockchain is unable to store the actual underlying digital asset. The result being, as described recently by one of the original NFT creators Anil Dash in an article for The Atlantic, "[t]his means that when someone buys an NFT, they're not buying the actual digital artwork; they're buying a link to it." ("NFTs Weren't Supposed to End Like This," April 2, 2021)
Thus, the "Token" portion to an NFT is truly a digital item designed to track the asset by its "TokenID" and attribute ownership to the current owner, as the transaction histories dating from the "minting" (i.e., initial creation and recordation on blockchain) of the NFT to current ownership are technically public.
The ownership history of NFTs is the blockchain equivalent of real property records recorded with the local county's recorder of deeds, or for those of us in intellectual property, the assignment records recorded with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office or U.S. Copyright Office.
Creation and purchase of individual NFTs
The intention of this article is not to provide an all-encompassing assessment of NFTs and each type of intellectual property, but rather a focus on NFTs and associated implications for copyright holders and copyright law. However, in order to better understand these implications, it is also beneficial to understand both how an NFT actually comes into existence or becomes "minted" as well as how the ownership of an NFT is transferred.
The minting process really involves creation of code on a blockchain network (e.g., Ethereum, Bitcoin Cash, EOS, and the like) that includes a unique ID to the digital asset with additional fields for ownership details. This means that anyone with access to one of these platforms has the capability to mint a new NFT.
Once the NFT is created, the digital asset can be listed or otherwise offered for sale to buyers. Purchasers of NFTs must have digital wallets capable of receiving and storing such digital assets, the same way physical wallets are designed to hold traditional currencies, and can purchase NFTs on platforms such as OpenSea, Mintable, and Rarible, using cryptocurrencies (which are ultimately purchased via credit card payment).
Take, for example, what The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts recently did in minting five digital works restored from Andy Warhol's floppy disks, originally created on Andy Warhol's Commodore Amiga computer in the 1980s.
The five NFTs were created specifically to be auctioned off, with no intention of creating additional NFTs (works can be duplicated the same way a traditional artwork would be created as "limited edition" of any number of prints). The sales for these five NFTs alone totaled over $3.3 million in May 2021. Ultimately the proceeds from the sales went on to provide annual funding for The Andy Warhol Museum as well as emergency funds for artists impacted by COVID-19.
With increasing demand for "minting" related to creative works (NFTs are also minted for works of music, game assets and various types of videography), this phenomenon inevitably raises questions in relation to not only the related copyright ownership, but also ownership enforcement issues.
How NFTs impact copyright owners
It is no secret that the sale of an NFT does not necessarily transfer the underlying copyright in the work which exists "off-chain" to the purchaser. Such is the case when selling a physical copy of nearly any type of creative work — the transfer of the underlying copyright is up to the creator or most recent copyright owner.
Ownership of a copyright provides exclusive rights to the owner under 17 USC § 106 — the right to reproduce the work, prepare derivative works, distribute copies, to display the work publicly, and to perform the work publicly. So how will the transfer of a newly "minted" sub-edition of a creative work ultimately impact a copyright holder? Will we see a new wave of counterfeit issues for copyright holders? Will this increase the burden on copyright owners to employ heightened monitoring standards on platforms that the majority of the public has never even accessed?
Although the popularity of NFTs has only fairly recently skyrocketed, the answers to these questions have begun to unfold.
Creation of an NFT can be categorized as a copy or even a derivative of the original work ("a work based upon one or more preexisting works" such as an "art reproduction … or any other form in which a work may be recast, transformed, or adapted.").17 USC § 101. In other words, under U.S. copyright law the copyright holder (absent a license) is and should be the only one with the authority to transform the original work into an NFT.
However, as we have all come to know, shortly behind any unique work of finite number with high demand is a potential counterfeiter or scam artist waiting in the wings — remember the vast infiltration of Beanie Baby toys? This craze, among others, have their respective histories with counterfeit issues. Similarly, artists have recently been subject to individuals fraudulently offering the artists' works as NFTs without the artist's permission.
For example, on July 1, 2021, one of the arguably most well-known NFT creators, Larva Labs (that in 2017 created the CryptoPunk project consisting of 10,000 unique characters), submitted a Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) takedown request to NFT platform Foundation for the online display of CryptoPunk work offered by Ryder Ripps as a work of his own. The dispute appears ongoing but evidences yet another potential hurdle for even self-declared crypto-artists that have plagued creators since the dawn of time: copycats.
Access to viewing NFTs on the various NFT platforms is public. While this is useful for copyright owners (such as Corbin Rainbolt and Larva Labs, which was likely already actively involved on Foundation) in identifying potential unauthorized reproductions or derivative works, it does potentially add to a copyright owner's ever-growing list of platforms to monitor for such unauthorized works. These issues highlight the importance of both employing and relying on important enforcement techniques ranging from simple solutions such as watermarks to the DMCA. The Copyright Management Information (CMI) provisions of the DMCA (e.g.,17 USC § 1202) will also likely come into play as more copyright owners are forced to police NFT platforms.
International implications
On the plus side, the minting of an NFT by the author of a creative work may have broader positive implications when it comes to the current international state of artists' resale rights. The minting and sale of NFTs is largely unregulated, but also highly accessible to an international audience.
While there have been decades-long disputes over artists' resale royalty rights in the U.S., also known as droit de suite, NFTs present potential workarounds for artists in this respect. Currently, the EU, UK, Australia and the Philippines officially recognize artists' resale royalties, whereas the U.S., as a whole, has long fought the idea — even the California state equivalent was held to be preempted by the U.S. Copyright Act by the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in 2018, effectively limiting the resale right to resales which occurred during 1977. (Chuck Close v. Sotheby's, Inc.)
By contrast, NFT platforms do offer artists the possibility to claim resale royalties on subsequent sales of the artists' work not otherwise traditionally offered in certain countries.
Although it remains to be seen what potential long-term impact NFTs will have on both domestic and international copyright laws, for now it appears the typical hurdles to copyright owners exist, albeit with some added benefit.
Opinions expressed are those of the author. They do not reflect the views of Reuters News, which, under the Trust Principles, is committed to integrity, independence, and freedom from bias. Westlaw Today is owned by Thomson Reuters and operates independently of Reuters News.
Gregory J. Chinlund chairs Marshall, Gerstein & Borun LLP's Trademark and Copyright practice group. He works with clients, from startup to multinational corporations, to capture the maximum brand protection and value for their trademarks, copyrights and patents. He can be reached at gchinlund@marshallip.com.
Kelley S. Gordon is an associate at Marshall, Gerstein & Borun LLP in Chicago. She focuses her practice on counseling and representing clients in intellectual property litigation while also helping clients refine their branding strategies and registering applicable trademarks and copyrights. She can be reached at kgordon@marshallip.com.
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NFT

NFTs: four “secrets” to understand their real value – Domus

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If we take a look at the Bitcoin price chart, it’s quite easy to picture the ever-growing number of investors who, since the cryptocurrency’s first peak in June 2016, have found themselves spending one or more nights staring at those green and red lines, studying spikes and dips, desperately searching for a pattern that would help them predict the currency’s future value. Is it ever possible to predict the value of a cryptocurrency? How about the value of an NFT?
In March 2021, following the worldwide news that the NFT associated with the work of art by US artist Beeple Everydays: the First 5000 Days had just been sold by Christie’s for almost 40,000 Ether, corresponding to $69.3 million at the time of sale, researchers at the Alan Turing Institute decided to set up a data collection and analysis system that would tell the story of the NFT market from June 2017 to April 2021, covering a total of 6.1 million transactions. The recently published article Mapping the NFT revolution: market trends, trade networks, and visual features attempts to identify which factors determine the selling price of an NFT.
In just one year, the non-fungible tokens (NFTs) market has grown from around $340 million to $14 billion, and while some people are still questioning the point of investing in a .jpg and others are protesting against the environmental impact of proof-of-work transactions, luxury brands and auction houses, from Gucci to Sotheby’s, are rushing to launch their metaverse – a series of virtual places where it is now possible, among other things, to collect avatars and game items, wear digital designer clothes and exhibit intangible works of art, all easily purchased in the form of NFTs. In this new market, art and fashion come surprisingly second, imitating and seeking collaborations with the video game industry, while Morgan Stanley claims that in less than ten years, 10% of the luxury industry will be made up of NFTs bought, purchased and above all – get this! – rented, in the metaverse.
Homer Pepe, the currently most expensive and rarest NFT card of the first NFT collection to collect public success: Rare Pepe Wallet, created in 2016. The last auction that saw it as protagonist dates back to 2018, purchased in Ethereum for a value corresponding to approximately 320,000 dollars.
Genesis is the first NFT generated among the CryptoKitties, the collection that brought NFTs to the limelight, the kittens that congested the Ethereum network for the unexpectedly high number of sales, a few days after their release in December 2017. Genesis is born in November 2017 and is currently owned by Stimpson J. Cat who purchased it for the sum of 246926 Ether currently corresponding to approximately $ 750,000.
MoonCat #3531 belongs to a collection launched in 2017, and which was recently “adopted” by Sotheby’s: the MoonCat.
Sir Gregory is currently the most valuable NFT on Axie Infinity, the NFT-based online video game that in recent months has seen its users and consequently also the value of its tokens soar. Purchased in June 2021 for the sum of 369 Ether, currently corresponding to 800,000 Dollars. The rarity value of these characters, usable in the game, depends on their attributes and their “mystical parts”. Sir Gregory has three attributes: “Pink Turnip claws”, “Dreamy Papi eyes” and "Lam Handsome fangs” and a “Shiba tails”, apparently very popular.
Currently on sale in Sotheby’s Metaverse, Color is an NFT work composed of a generative script and therefore capable of generating almost infinite forms. Color is the perfect example of what can be found on Art Blocks, a collection of generative content hosted on the Ethereum network.
The legendary work of the artist and video game creator David OReilly, sold on the site of the Japanese auction house SBI Auction in November 2021 for the sum of approximately 12,000 dollars. Among other things, the artist declared: "POTATO literally represents my Irish roots, while as an NFT, depicts my future as a cyber-organic hybrid. POTATO embodies the collision between the past and the future.⁠ "
One of the database views of Mapping the NFT revolution: market trends, trade networks, and visual features. The densest clusters display very active moments in the history of a collection.
Homer Pepe, the currently most expensive and rarest NFT card of the first NFT collection to collect public success: Rare Pepe Wallet, created in 2016. The last auction that saw it as protagonist dates back to 2018, purchased in Ethereum for a value corresponding to approximately 320,000 dollars.
Genesis is the first NFT generated among the CryptoKitties, the collection that brought NFTs to the limelight, the kittens that congested the Ethereum network for the unexpectedly high number of sales, a few days after their release in December 2017. Genesis is born in November 2017 and is currently owned by Stimpson J. Cat who purchased it for the sum of 246926 Ether currently corresponding to approximately $ 750,000.
MoonCat #3531 belongs to a collection launched in 2017, and which was recently “adopted” by Sotheby’s: the MoonCat.
Sir Gregory is currently the most valuable NFT on Axie Infinity, the NFT-based online video game that in recent months has seen its users and consequently also the value of its tokens soar. Purchased in June 2021 for the sum of 369 Ether, currently corresponding to 800,000 Dollars. The rarity value of these characters, usable in the game, depends on their attributes and their “mystical parts”. Sir Gregory has three attributes: “Pink Turnip claws”, “Dreamy Papi eyes” and "Lam Handsome fangs” and a “Shiba tails”, apparently very popular.
Currently on sale in Sotheby’s Metaverse, Color is an NFT work composed of a generative script and therefore capable of generating almost infinite forms. Color is the perfect example of what can be found on Art Blocks, a collection of generative content hosted on the Ethereum network.
The legendary work of the artist and video game creator David OReilly, sold on the site of the Japanese auction house SBI Auction in November 2021 for the sum of approximately 12,000 dollars. Among other things, the artist declared: "POTATO literally represents my Irish roots, while as an NFT, depicts my future as a cyber-organic hybrid. POTATO embodies the collision between the past and the future.⁠ "
One of the database views of Mapping the NFT revolution: market trends, trade networks, and visual features. The densest clusters display very active moments in the history of a collection.
These staggering numbers raise further doubts and questions: Is this a bubble destined to get bigger and bigger as long as there are newcomers, and then to finally pop, or is it an investment capable of securing forms of “eternal passive income”, especially when NFTs can be rented out? From a conversation with two of the authors of Mapping the NFT revolution, some questions were finally answered.
Mauro Martino, director of the Visual Artificial Intelligence Lab at the MIT-IBM Research AI Lab in Cambridge, and Andrea Baronchelli, head of the Economic Data Science team at the Alan Turing Institute, tell us how from the very beginning – that is, since the rise of CryptoKitties (2017), one of the very first successful experiences in the world of NFTs – what we will call the first secret of the value of NFTs was already very clear: the sale value of NFTs depends on the community that supports them.
Here we are at the dawn of a new digital age. While we ask ourselves whether it makes more sense to invest in a sweatshirt made of only pixels from the “Balenciaga x Fortnite” collection, or in a piece of land next to rapper Snoop Dogg’s villa on the Sandbox metaverse, or simply in a digital potato, like the one sold by Irish artist David OReilly on the website of Japanese auction house SBI Art Auction, we should look, first of all, more than at the object for sale, at the potential fan base that supports it.
According to the researchers, this leads us to discover the “second big secret” of the sales value of NFTs: communities and capital are more likely to nest around collections or gamified experiences than episodic sales.
In Mapping the NFT revolution we discover that the greatest NFT buyers, the so-called whales, aren’t a lot – “the top 10% of traders alone make 85% of all transactions” – and tend to get attached to a single collection, making “at least 73% of their transactions in their main collection”. It is hardly surprising that companies traditionally associated with the world of sticker and card collecting, such as the NBA, MotoGP, Panini or Magic the Gathering, have jumped into the fray, quickly creating their own digital marketplaces.
As Martino and Baronchelli explain, the NFT landscape varies greatly depending on the industry it belongs to. There is the art world, where newly formed crypto marketplaces such as Foundation, Rarible and Nifty Gatheway fight against traditional auction houses. There are NFTs belonging to the “Metaverse” category, which would make no sense to exist outside of that world, as well as NFTs generated by the “Gaming” industry. Finally, there is the “Collectibles” category, the virtual counterpart of collectible cards, which could be considered as a kind of progenitor to imitate.
In Mapping the NFT revolution’s prediction system, half of which is based on data from previous sales, a big variable is the visual appearance of NFTs, analysed using AlexNet, a pre-trained convolutional neural network, which is simply an artificial intelligence that can ‘see’ images and detect recurring patterns. And what it sees is that buyers seem to like similar images. Just like the most mundane textbook instruction in social media management, the consistency of the feed rewards the artist.
The Fortnite X Balenciaga 3D digital clothing collection debuted on the multiplayer video game Fortnite. The multiplayer shooter made by Epic Games is currently the digital environment with the most users in the world.
This “Super Mega Yacht” called The Metaflower is currently the most expensive item in The Sandbox metaverse, purchased for $ 650,000. The Sandbox is currently one of the main metaverse platforms, which has seen its prices rise for collaborations with brands and celebrities such as adidas, Atari, Snoop Dogg, DeadMau5 and Bored Ape Yacht Club, another famous NFT collection.
Gucci recently inaugurated its “Gucci Garden” in the Roblox metaverse, another of the most powerful candidates in the “race to the metaverse”, which has recently opened its doors to other famous brands such as Nike and Sony.
A screencapture of the entrance to the Sotheby’s auction house virtual recreated in the metaverse of Decentraland, another top player in the metaverse and a real NFT real estate. Land plots on Decentraland are purchased with the local currency, MANA. In June 2021, Republic Realm spent an amount equivalent to $ 913,000 on 259 land plots in Decentraland, to transform them into a virtual commercial district called Metajuku, inspired by Harajuku, a famous Tokyo shopping district.
An example of an art gallery in the metaverse, in this case it is the Oasis Artwalk created by NFT Oasis on AltspaceVR.
A small part of the work Unsupervised, created by the famous Turkish-American artist Refik Anadol, exhibited in a royal gallery, the Moma, an exhibition of works created by training an artificial intelligence by feeding it the public metadata of the Moma collection. From 18 November, every three days new Unsupervised works will be revealed and put up for sale on Sotheby’s, following the gamified logic of the NFT market. The cover of this article “Machine Hallucinations – Space _ Metaverse” is part of a similar work by the same artist, created in collaboration with NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, also for sale on Sotheby’s NFT platform.
The Fortnite X Balenciaga 3D digital clothing collection debuted on the multiplayer video game Fortnite. The multiplayer shooter made by Epic Games is currently the digital environment with the most users in the world.
This “Super Mega Yacht” called The Metaflower is currently the most expensive item in The Sandbox metaverse, purchased for $ 650,000. The Sandbox is currently one of the main metaverse platforms, which has seen its prices rise for collaborations with brands and celebrities such as adidas, Atari, Snoop Dogg, DeadMau5 and Bored Ape Yacht Club, another famous NFT collection.
Gucci recently inaugurated its “Gucci Garden” in the Roblox metaverse, another of the most powerful candidates in the “race to the metaverse”, which has recently opened its doors to other famous brands such as Nike and Sony.
A screencapture of the entrance to the Sotheby’s auction house virtual recreated in the metaverse of Decentraland, another top player in the metaverse and a real NFT real estate. Land plots on Decentraland are purchased with the local currency, MANA. In June 2021, Republic Realm spent an amount equivalent to $ 913,000 on 259 land plots in Decentraland, to transform them into a virtual commercial district called Metajuku, inspired by Harajuku, a famous Tokyo shopping district.
An example of an art gallery in the metaverse, in this case it is the Oasis Artwalk created by NFT Oasis on AltspaceVR.
A small part of the work Unsupervised, created by the famous Turkish-American artist Refik Anadol, exhibited in a royal gallery, the Moma, an exhibition of works created by training an artificial intelligence by feeding it the public metadata of the Moma collection. From 18 November, every three days new Unsupervised works will be revealed and put up for sale on Sotheby’s, following the gamified logic of the NFT market. The cover of this article “Machine Hallucinations – Space _ Metaverse” is part of a similar work by the same artist, created in collaboration with NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, also for sale on Sotheby’s NFT platform.
Martino notices how the sentence of having to be recognisable, the nightmare of every artist and the imposition of every art gallery, is also present in the NFT industry: if Basquiat was forced to be Basquiat, today Mad Dog Jones will be permanently bound to the bright colours of post-vaporwave and to the cyberpunk illustrations that make him Mad Dog Jones, one of the most famous and prolific NFT artists on the scene. Apparently, as Martino and Baronchelli laughingly observe, even the non-fungible token, to sell better, ends up becoming fungible, i.e. potentially replaceable by a series of works that are identical to themselves.
Speaking of artists, here is the “third big secret” of the value of NFTs: the art market is an entirely secondary aspect of the NFT phenomenon. As of June 2020, “the most traded NFTs belong to the games and collectibles categories. Only 10% of transactions are related to the NFTs classified as art”.
We are dealing with a complex technology in its first years of use. We can imagine it, the researchers explain, as a Lego tower with vaults and architraves that the most diverse market forms are trying to mount on top of their castles, or their galleons, or their Lego spaceships. Infrastructures that are juxtaposed with other infrastructures, only to undergo violent processes of adaptation, including collapses, breakdowns and work fatalities.
In this scenario, the art industry is perhaps finding it most difficult to adapt. Attempts to gamify works or create communities around collections seem more forced than ever. And if we look at the success stories from the period of the so-called “NFT Craze” between February and June 2021, the greatest sales were made possible by unique factors that are difficult to repeat: “the first NFT sold by a traditional auction house”, i.e. Beeple, “the first Tweet”, i.e. Jack Dorsey, “the first NFT meme” i.e. Nyan Cat, or “the most famous meme ever” as well as the most iconic figure in the crypto world, i.e. Doge, or indeed one of the few visually and technically coherent digital art collections: Art Blocks.
Who guarantees that so many of the NFTs bought during this period of madness will be resold a second or third time, one, three, ten years from now? So far, the data do not look good: out of 6.1 million transactions, only 20% of NFTs were resold a second time, as Martino and Baronchelli note.
And so, we come to the end of this umpteenth gamification attempt, and thus to the fourth and last “secret”: it is impossible to imagine what the value of current NFTs will be one year from now, let alone in ten years from now, given the speed and the massive amount of works, tokens, platforms and metaverses that are currently on the table.
Remember the dot-com bubble at the end of the 1990s? This is a phenomenon of equal size and greater complexity, the researchers explain. We can assume that, as with dot-coms, when hundreds or thousands of economic proposals proliferate, only a few giants will survive, crushing and absorbing their competitors. In the transition between Web 2.0 and Web 3.0, as Baronchelli suggests, it is possible that the current economic system, where the user participates by enjoying free content while donating his data to a centralised platform that reaps huge profits, will be replaced by a model where the concept of ownership is redistributed among users. Following an observation by Matthew Ball, an acclaimed theorist of the future metaverse: if it wasn’t the New York Times, or any other print media mogul, that developed the most used news feed in the world – *spoiler* it was Facebook –, it will probably not be Facebook Meta that will develop the most frequented metaverse, or who knows what it will be called in three years, the most frequented tokenized virtual space.
Opening image: Machine Hallucinations – Space: Metaverse NFT Collection, Refik Anadol, Sotheby’s, 2021
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Wafini NFT Marketplace Set To Launch On Cardano, Kicks Off Seed Token Sale To Early Adopters – GlobeNewswire

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| Source: Wafini Wafini
VALLETTA, MALTA
Valletta, Malta, Oct. 04, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Wafini, a Cardano NFT marketplace on a mission to facilitate a “DAO Powered NFT Marketplace on Cardano” has kicked off the initial seed round for early adopters.

As DeFi, GameFi and NFT projects are now leaning towards being run as a DAO, which in recent times have risen to become the perfect governance structure for Web3 projects, Wafini has announced that the $WFI token holders will have the benefits of governance DAO structures on Wafini and will be utilized in an easy to use interface.
The Wafini marketplace is set to launch within the fourth quarter of 2022.
This will come after the Wafini’s test-net that will be made available only to $WFI Token and Wafini Genesis NFT policy ID holders.
Wafini Seed Sale
Wafini team announced today that the Wafini utility tokens are now available to early adopters. 
Early adopters can join the $WFI Token Seed Sale here: https://sale.wafini.app/
To become a member of Wafini DAO, each participant has to acquire and stake $WFI Tokens and Wafini Genesis Passport NFTs
How To Join The $WFI Seed Sale 
You can join the Wafini seed sale in 3 simple steps.
1: Buy ADA from an Exchange like Binance, Kraken, Coinbase and transfer to your ADA Cardano Compatible wallet like Nami Wallet, Eternl or Flint wallet.
2: Visit the Wafini token sale page and input the amount of ADA you want to join with and continue to sign the transaction to confirm your purchase.
3: Your purchased $WFI Tokens will be sent your wallet as soon as the transaction is conformed on the blockchain.
Here’s a detailed and pictorial guide on how to join the Wafini seed sale.
Wafini Seed Sale Details 
1 ADA = 50 $WFI Tokens
1 $WFI = 0.025 ADA
Duration = 30 Days
Seed  Sale Allocation: 15,000,000 $WFI Tokens
Minimum buy: 500 ADA

For further details on the Wafini Token Sale visit the documentation page.
About Wafini
Wafini is a Web 3.0 community driven decentralized NFT Marketplace for Non-Fungible Tokens & NFT collectibles where users will be able to mint, list, sell and swap their Non fungible tokens utilizing the Cardano Blockchain.
Buy $WFI Token: https://sale.wafini.app
Litepaperhttps://docs.wafini.app/litepaper
Website :  https://wafini.app/
Pitch Deck: Seed Deck
Twitter : https://twitter.com/wafini_app
Telegram Group : https://t.me/wafini
Media Contact:

Name: Vincent Kowalski
vk (at) wafini.app
Website :  https://wafini.app/

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4 Steps to Take Before Buying Your First NFT – The Motley Fool

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by Emma Newbery | Published on March 26, 2022
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Read this before dipping your toes into the NFT waters.
The Ascent's best crypto apps for 2022 (Bonuses, $0 commissions, and more)
At the start of 2021, most people hadn’t heard of the word non-fungible token (NFT) and fewer still had any idea of what it meant. By the end of the year, Collins Dictionary had declared NFT its word of the year, and the market was worth an estimated $40 billion.
If you’re considering buying your first NFT, there’s a lot to think about. Here are four important steps to take first.
NFTs are essentially digital certificates of ownership, and those certificates can apply to a broad range of things. These include art, music, videos, sports collectibles, gaming items, and much more. You need to be clear on what type of NFT you’ll buy, and why you’re buying it.

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If you’re buying an NFT because everybody’s talking about them, you may need to dig a little deeper. Otherwise it’s a bit like buying a book because you want to own a book, with no care as to who wrote it or what’s inside it. Choosing an NFT should depend on your own personal interests, and there are big differences between NFT sectors.
For example, perhaps you’re a gamer and want to buy an NFT avatar. You’ll have very different needs from a big basketball fan who wants to own an NFT of a favorite sporting moment. And someone who’s an art collector considering branching into digital art will also have different requirements again.
Every investment is different, but the fundamentals of investing are often the same. You need to understand what you’re buying — whether it’s a piece of art, shares in a company, cryptocurrency, or your first NFT.

Our top crypto play isn’t a token – Here’s why

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We’ve found one company that’s positioned itself perfectly as a long-term picks-and-shovels solution for the broader crypto market — Bitcoin, Dogecoin, and all the others. In fact, you’ve probably used this company’s technology in the past few days, even if you’ve never had an account or even heard of the company before. That’s how prevalent it’s become.
Sign up today for Stock Advisor and get access to our exclusive report where you can get the full scoop on this company and its upside as a long-term investment. Learn more and get started today with a special new member discount.
Here are some aspects of NFTs to get to grips with:
You’ll probably come across several NFT marketplaces during your research. These are platforms where you can create, buy, sell, and explore NFTs. First and foremost, look for a platform that trades the types of NFTs you want to buy.
Also consider what blockchain network is used — as we mentioned above, Ethereum is the most common but Solana (SOL) and Tezos (XTZ) are also getting in on the NFT game. This is important because it’s difficult to buy NFTs using traditional money such as U.S. dollars. Not only do you need to own cryptocurrency, you need to own the right cryptocurrency.
Given the prevalence of NFT fraud, look at what each platform does to ensure the NFT you buy is properly authenticated. You don’t want to buy your first NFT only to find it’s not legit and the original artist didn’t even know it had been made.
Finally, you’ll need an NFT wallet. These are crypto wallets that also support NFTs. It’s easy to set up a wallet, and there’s plenty of useful information online to help if you get stuck. When you first create your account, you’ll be given a kind of master password in the form of something called a seed phrase. Keep it somewhere safe, as this will help you access your NFTs if you ever forget your password.
You’ll need a wallet that’s compatible with the trading platform and blockchain network you chose above. Another key feature to watch out for is security — two factor authentication is a must. If you become a frequent NFT shopper, you might consider a hardware wallet that keeps your NFTs offline. But to start, a software wallet connected to the internet will do the job.
We don’t know how the NFT sector will evolve, but these assets could change the way we own items online. However, there are a lot of issues to address, including the environmental cost and copyright infringements. Right now, the best way to approach NFTs is to pursue your existing interests. This will help you judge the quality and value of the items you buy.
Be aware that there’s a lot of speculation, hype, and outright scams in the NFT world. There are no guarantees that NFT prices will continue to rise, in fact, many may fall. That’s why it’s best to only spend money you can afford to lose. If prices fall, it won’t prove financially devastating. Most of all, take your time and enjoy learning about a new world of digital ownership.
Emma owns the English-language newspaper The Bogota Post. She began her editorial career at a financial website in the U.K. over 20 years ago and has been contributing to The Ascent since 2019.
We’re firm believers in the Golden Rule, which is why editorial opinions are ours alone and have not been previously reviewed, approved, or endorsed by included advertisers. The Ascent does not cover all offers on the market. Editorial content from The Ascent is separate from The Motley Fool editorial content and is created by a different analyst team.
Emma Newbery owns Ethereum, Solana, and Tezos. The Motley Fool owns shares of and recommends Bitcoin.
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