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What is the current state of cryptocurrency regulation? – World Economic Forum

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Early in March, President Biden signed off on the long-awaited Executive Order on Ensuring Responsible Development of Digital Assets, a high-profile acknowledgement of the potential of the cryptocurrency industry.
That Executive Order commits the White House to taking part in research on cryptocurrencies and to engaging departments across the government to collaborate in the creation of a regulatory framework for digital assets. It also outlines a “whole-of-government approach to addressing the risks and harnessing the potential benefits of digital assets and their underlying technology.”
According to the World Economic Forum’s Digital Currency Governance Consortium’s Steering Committee Member, Jeremy Alliare, “the Executive Order sets out initiatives to explore and engage in constructive problem solving around known risks that exist with the legacy financial system, and the new Web 3 world.”
This exploration, Allaire added, will cover “privacy, security, financial inclusion, global competitiveness for USD,” and more.
The White House is about to make a concerted effort to regulate the digital asset industry — given the size and growth of the industry, that push cannot come soon enough.
Today, there are 18,142 cryptocurrencies, 460 crypto-exchanges and the market cap of cryptocurrencies amounts to $1.7 trillion. Every 24 hours, $91 billion worth of cryptos are traded, most of them Bitcoin or Ethereum.
Given the size of the industry and the impending regulatory push, it is worth now taking stock of the current state of regulation. In doing so, it will become clear that a globally coordinated approach to regulation is necessary.
As the traditional financial system connects with the burgeoning crypto ecosystem, the growing interconnectivity raises concerns of spillover effects that could impact systemic stability.
For some time, cryptocurrency has been seen as a tool for diversification, but the tea leaves are starting to read differently. Earlier this year, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) released data indicating a correlation between bitcoin and the S&P 500. This raises fears of spillovers of investor sentiment between the stock market and cryptocurrencies.
Shortly following this analysis, the Financial Stability Board warned of implications for global financial stability if the current trajectory of growth in scale and interconnectedness of crypto-assets with these institutions continues. However, given the many data gaps that exist with regard to crypto-assets, a comprehensive macroeconomic impact assessment is still somewhat out of reach.
Moreover, the nature of the underlying technology for cryptocurrencies is such that it enables cross-border transactions without the need of any or existing financial intermediaries.
New applications and models such as tokenization, decentralized finance, NFTs (non-fungible tokens) and decentralized autonomous organizations challenge traditional models that outline who is currently considered a “person,” what is “value” and how this “value” can be transacted. This threatens to come into direct conflict with existing regulations pertaining to cross-border data flows, intellectual property rights and capital controls. It could also lead to ambiguity in the taxation environment, as well as posing a host of other policy concerns.
The potential implications of cryptocurrencies for global financial stability, and the distinctive nature of the underlying technology, evidence the importance of prioritizing regulatory discussions and decisions, both at a national and a global level.
According to the World Economic Forum’s Global Future Council on Cryptocurrencies, there has been no internationally coordinated regulation of cryptocurrencies — though international bodies have been working on assessing risks and appropriate policy responses to the rise of cryptos.
Globally, central banks and regulators already have their eyes on this growing trend. Though they share a common objective — stabilizing their monetary systems and spurring innovation and economic growth — countries from China to El Salvador have already starting weighing up and implementing different regulatory options.
For those countries, their objectives appear to broadly align: protect the consumer, prevent illicit financing, protect the integrity of the market and promote innovation. Their approaches, however, vary.
While some jurisdictions, such as India, have amended existing laws, others, like Liechtenstein, have proposed bespoke models. Another approach, seemingly favoured by the European Union and UAE, proposes setting up entirely new regulators to deal with the industry in a comprehensive manner.
These territorial differences, while offering jurisdictional arbitrage opportunities, create uncertainties and increased compliance burden for businesses operating in the sector. This is exacerbated by the absence of common standards and terminologies.
For a truly global coordinated approach, countries and international organizations must work together, leveraging best practices and learnings from each other. As well as risk assessments and establishing common standards, there is also a pressing need to leverage the technology itself to develop fit for purpose and inclusive solutions, through public-private collaboration.
Blockchain is an early-stage technology that enables the decentralized and secure storage and transfer of information and value. Though the most well-known use case is cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin, which enable the electronic transfer of funds without banking networks, blockchain can be applied to a wider range of purposes. It has potential to be a powerful tool for tracking goods, data, documentation and transactions. The applications are seemingly limitless; it could cut out intermediaries, potentially reduce corruption, increase trust and empower users. In this way, blockchain could be relevant to numerous industries.
That said, blockchain also entails significant trade-offs with respect to efficiency and scalability, and numerous risks that are increasingly coming to the attention of policy-makers. These include the use of cryptocurrency in ransomware attacks, fraud and illicit activity, and the energy consumption and environmental footprint of some blockchain networks. Consumer protection is also an important and often overlooked issue, with cryptocurrency, so-called “stablecoins” and decentralized applications operating on blockchain technology posing risks to end-users of lost funds and also risks to broader financial stability depending on adoption levels.
Read more about the work we have launched on blockchain and distributed ledger technologies – to ensure the technology is deployed responsibly and for the benefit of all. We’re working on accelerating the most impactful blockchain use cases, ranging from making supply chains more inclusive to making governments more transparent, as well as supporting central banks in exploring digital currencies.

The White House’s Executive Order is a noteworthy step in the right direction toward enabling cross-agency collaboration. A globally coordinated approach, encompassing international cooperation around regulation for crypto-assets, will be economically optimal, protect consumers and prevent abuse of cryptocurrencies for illicit activities.
The Forum’s Digital Currency Governance Consortium, composed of more than 80 organizations and representing diverse sectors and geographies, is working to this end. It has focused its second phase of work on examining the macroeconomic impacts of digital currencies and informing regulatory approaches for the same, as stakeholders continue to experiment with these instruments and the adoption of cryptocurrencies, stablecoins, and central bank-issued currencies.

Kathryn White, Project Fellow, Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution, World Economic Forum
Arushi Goel, Specialist, Data Policy and Blockchain, World Economic Forum, C4IR India
Sandra Waliczek, Blockchain and Digital Assets, World Economic Forum
The views expressed in this article are those of the author alone and not the World Economic Forum.
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Cryptocurrency prices today under pressure: Bitcoin falls 3%, ether 6%; Uniswap gains | Mint – Mint

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  • The global cryptocurrency market cap today remained below the $1 trillion mark

Cryptocurrency prices today came under pressure after the US Federal Reserve delivered another big interest-rate hike and warned of economic pain from the aggressive policy tightening still to come. The Fed’s determination to raise rates to levels that hammer inflation at the cost of sliding asset prices sent a chill across global markets.
Bitcoin, the world’s largest and most popular cryptocurrency, was trading more than 2% lower at $18,627, came close to dropping below $18,000 level. The global crypto market cap today remained below the $1 trillion mark, as it was down over 2% in the last 24 hours at $943 billion, as per CoinGecko. On the other hand, Ether, the coin linked to the ethereum blockchain and the second largest cryptocurrency, continued to underperform and fell more than 6% at $1,260.
“Bitcoin, Ethereum, and most cryptocurrencies traded lower on late Wednesday after the Federal Reserve raised interest rates by 75 basis points marking the third consecutive time this year. BTC continues to struggle below the $19,000 since bears are more powerful than bulls in the market. The second largest crypto, Ethereum was seen changing hands above the $1,200 level. The price of ETH has been dipping since the Merge took place as miners continued to dump their ETH in the market coupled with macroeconomic factors. If the selling pressure from miners increases, ETH is likely to fall below the $1,000 level,” said Edul Patel, CEO and Co-founder of Mudrex.
Meanwhile, dogecoin price today was also trading about 3% lower at $0.05 whereas Shiba Inu slipped more than a per cent to $0.000011. Other crypto prices’ today performance also declined as XRP, Stellar, Solana, Polygon, Avalanche, Binance USD, Polkadot, Litecoin, Apecoin, Cardano, Chainlink, Tron, Tether prices were trading with cuts over the last 24 hours, whereas Uniswap gained.
Such a backdrop offers little respite for crypto markets. They were already reeling from a $2 trillion plunge from a 2021 record high, an unraveling pockmarked with blowups such as the Three Arrows Capital hedge fund and the Terraform Labs project — whose co-founder Do Kwon is wanted by authorities.
(With inputs from agencies)
 
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Bitcoin's Accumulated Momentum Is Going To Be Hard To Stop – Bitcoin Magazine

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While "the smartest people in the room" scan the horizon, bitcoiners are out there actually building the future they want to live in.
The below is a direct excerpt of Marty's Bent Issue #1259: "Bitcoin is action. The accumulated momentum is going to be hard to stop." Sign up for the newsletter here.
This morning I listened to a recent Macro Voices podcast with Brent Johnson from Santiago Capital. It was a very good conversation about the state of the global economy, particularly focused on the dollar's relative strength against other currencies and how things may play out as the dollar continues to strengthen as prophesied by the "Dollar Milkshake" theory. Here's a link to the episode for those interested.
Toward the end of their discussion Erik (the host) and Brent make it clear without saying anything explicitly that it is insane that global markets are essentially beholden to the whims of a very select few people, central bankers, out of the billions who are alive on this planet. The fact that the world hinges on the cryptic language of people who are completely disconnected from reality and do not suffer the consequences of their actions is a bit baffling. With that being said, what I'd like to focus on is the fact the Erik and Brent ended their conversation with a brief detour to discuss the next world reserve currency. Both gentlemen acknowledged that it would likely be a cryptocurrency – likely produced by one of the governments or a coalition of governments – and will certainly not be bitcoin.
To your Uncle Marty, this is an incredibly hilarious line of thinking from a couple of individuals who seem to "get it" in regards to the fact that the fiat system is doomed for failure and it's failure is being driven by incompetent central planners. To think that the solution to bad central planning from an incompetent group will be better central planning from the same group via a fresh slate a CBDC or something like it would provide. Even funnier is the fact that they emphatically proclaim that bitcoin most certainly will not become the dominant money in the world while deriding "bitcoin maximalists". This is our edge, freaks.
While "the smartest people in the room" scan the horizon waiting to place their bets on something that hasn't materialized yet and is sure to end in failure if it ever does because it will suffer from the same centralized attributes that doomed the dollar, bitcoiners are out there actually building the future they want to live in. The macro mensches of the world can continue to sit on the sideline and pontificate about what they think will come to market. Bitcoiners will continue to act and bring their distributed, censorship resistant, sound money to market. And the headstart bitcoin has amassed is approaching insurmountable. It is a step-function improvement on the incumbent monetary system in every way.
It's provably scarce and extremely hard to change.
You can send it over the internet.
You can divide more granularly.
It is extremely hard to prevent someone from receiving or sending bitcoin if used correctly.
And, what might be the most underappreciated aspect, it is beginning to become an integral part of the energy sector. And as we're finding out now energy is pretty damn important. Arguably the most important asset on the planet. Bitcoin becoming an essential for energy producers makes it significantly harder to kill from a logistical and political perspective.
We are so early.

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Boba Network Partners With Avalanche, Boba AVAX L2 to Provide 'Faster Transactions and Lower Fees' – Blockchain Bitcoin News – Bitcoin News

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by Jamie Redman
On Wednesday, the layer two scaling solution that leverages optimistic rollup technology, Boba Network has revealed it now supports the proof-of-stake (PoS) network Avalanche. According to the Boba Network team, the new Avalanche support will produce “faster transactions and lower fees.”
Boba Network, the layer two (L2) scaling project introduced Boba AVAX L2 on Wednesday via the team’s Twitter account. “We’re over the slopes to announce our partnership as an official scaling solution for Avalanche,” Boba said. “Avalanche offers blazing fast speeds, low costs, and eco-friendly solutions: Boba AVAX L2 holds true to those values and enhances it further.”
Boba is already connected with the Ethereum (ETH) network and at the time of writing, l2fees.info stats show Boba’s fee to move ether today is $0.17, and to swap tokens the estimated price is $0.30. That is cheaper than the current 34 gwei ($0.96) to send ether onchain, according to etherscan.io’s gas tracking tool. A high-priority decentralized exchange (dex) swap can cost $8.47 per transaction onchain, so Boba’s $0.30 cost to swap, is 96.45% cheaper.
“Faster transactions, lower fees: Boba AVAX L2 is catered for all heavy transactions, throughput-reliant protocols [and] anyone wanting to be part of the next generation,” Boba further declared on Wednesday. The team further explained it is joining partner decentralized applications (dapps) like Sushiswap and Evoverses with the new support. Boba added:
While Sushi will be deploying their Legacy Swap on Boba AVAX L2, Evoverses’ will be joining with their 3D PvP gameplay, powered by the Unreal Engine 5 [and] Hybrid Compute to help the game scale and reach its full potential.
L2 projects like Boba Network have been partnering with a great deal of industry heavyweights and blockchain networks in recent times. Opensea recently detailed the leading NFT marketplace has added Arbitrum support and the NFT market competitor Rarible revealed Immutable X support. Arbitrum, Immutable X, and Boba Network are all L2 projects and other competitors include Loopring, Zksync, Optimism, Metis, Polygon Hermez, and Aztec.
What do you think about Boba Network adding Avalanche support? Let us know what you think about this subject in the comments section below.
Jamie Redman is the News Lead at Bitcoin.com News and a financial tech journalist living in Florida. Redman has been an active member of the cryptocurrency community since 2011. He has a passion for Bitcoin, open-source code, and decentralized applications. Since September 2015, Redman has written more than 6,000 articles for Bitcoin.com News about the disruptive protocols emerging today.

Image Credits: Shutterstock, Pixabay, Wiki Commons
Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only. It is not a direct offer or solicitation of an offer to buy or sell, or a recommendation or endorsement of any products, services, or companies. Bitcoin.com does not provide investment, tax, legal, or accounting advice. Neither the company nor the author is responsible, directly or indirectly, for any damage or loss caused or alleged to be caused by or in connection with the use of or reliance on any content, goods or services mentioned in this article.
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